Cortland is a city in Cortland County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 18,740. It is the county seat of Cortland County.
The City of Cortland is surrounded by the Town of Cortlandville. Interstate 81 and US Route 11 pass through the city.
The State University of New York at Cortland is on the west side of the city.
The Tioughnioga River flows past the city, and Interstate highway 81 passes through the northeast side of the community.
Cortland is located at 42°36'2" North, 76°10'53" West (42.600658, -76.181284). Cortland lies between Syracuse, New York and Binghamton, New York.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.2 km2 (3.9 mi2). 10.2 km2 (3.9 mi2) of it is land and 0.1 km2 (0.04 mi2) of it is water. The total area is 0.51% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 18,740 people, 6,922 households, and 3,454 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,845.8/km2 (4,778.6/mi2). There are 7,550 housing units at an average density of 743.6/km2 (1,925.2/mi2). The racial makeup of the city is 95.72% White, 1.56% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 1.72% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 6,922 households out of which 24.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.7% are married couples living together, 11.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 50.1% are non-families. 36.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 13.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.28 and the average family size is 2.95.
In the city the population is spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 28.4% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 28 years. For every 100 females there are 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $26,478, and the median income for a family is $39,167. Males have a median income of $29,857 versus $21,614 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,267. 24.7% of the population and 13.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.8% of those under the age of 18 and 15.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
The City of Cortland, settled in 1791, was made a village in 1853, and was incorporated in 1900 as the 41st city in the State of New York. When the county was formed in 1808, Cortland vied with other villages for the status of becoming the county seat. The City of Cortland is the county seat of Cortland County. Cortland contains the campus of SUNY Cortland (formerly a teachers' Normal College) within its limits.
Known as the "Crown City" because of its location on a plain formed by the convergence of seven valleys, Cortland is situated about 1,130 feet (344 m) above sea level, making it the uppermost city to crown the state. 40 stars, representing the 40 cities incorporated before Cortland, circle the State of New York and Crown on the Official City Seal. The seven points of the Crown create seven valleys depicting Cortland's seven surrounding valleys. The 41st star in the center of the Crown illustrates Cortland as the closest incorporated City to the geographic center of New York.